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Syrian revolution forces and opposition expanded conference issues final communique venerdì 24 novembre 2017

Syrian revolution forces and opposition expanded conference issues final communique

November 24, 2017

Thanking the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz, Deputy Premier and Minister of Defense, the Saudi government and people for generously hosting the 2nd conference for Syrian revolution forces and opposition in Riyadh over the past two days.  

The gathering, which attracted representatives of a spectrum of a wide-range Syrian national forces aiming to build a new democratic and civilized Syria, confirmed sticking to the unity of the Syrian territories, integrity, sovereignty of the State on all its territories, without cutting a centimeter of its land or giving it up to whoever, expressed commitment that Syria is a multinational and multicultural home for all ethnics, nationalities and cultures which constitute its entity and represent the extract of the history of Syria, considered the Kurdish issue an integral part of the Syrian national concern and underscored the importance of rejecting all segregationally and extraordinary policies practiced against them and called for reinstating the nationality to the denaturalized.

This came in the final communique of the 2nd expanded conference for Syrian revolution forces and opposition held in Riyadh from 22-23 November 2017 in the participation of representatives of opposition, revolution, and military forces as well as independents, dignitaries from the civil society and local and social councils of all the components of the Syrian people.

The conference aimed at unifying the ranks of revolution forces and opposition to conduct a joint vision for a political solution based on Geneva I (2012) and UN security council resolutions No. 2118 and 2254 and other relevant resolutions in a way that lays the foundation for a transitional stage supposed to conduce to a civil multilateral democratic political system that would achieve justice for all citizens and unite all Syrians in a nation of liberty, freedoms and dignity against forces of autocracy, aggression, extremism and terrorism and of prevailing security and prosperity.

The communique said the political process has been reviewed, and was seen as not achieving its prescribed goals due to the violations committed by the governing regime against international law, its non-abidance by the UN resolutions regarding the protection of Syrian civilians, lifting of besiege imposed on them, guarantee of delivery of humanitarian assistance and relief supplies to all regions and people in need, release of all political detainees, disclosure of the fate of the missed, all considered bases for confidence building before launching useful and significant negotiations.
The statement added that the conferees discussed all items on the agenda, exchanged viewpoints in an atmosphere of mutual respect and deep awareness of the historical responsibility towards the Syrian people and reached congruence on all vital issues facing their country.

The participants stated that Syria's new rule should depend on the principle of administrative decentralization, equal citizenship regardless of race, sect or gender and on the principles of human rights, transparency, accountability, and power of law.

The gathering pledged to preserve the Syrian state institutions, rehabilitate them and restructure its security and military institutions and guarantee the rights of personnel joining them.
They confirmed that the legitimate state institutions, to be elected by the Syrian people through free and fair elections, are the one in charge of determining who is to possess and use weapons.
They reject terrorism and extremism in all their forms and manifestations, announced fight against them, strongly rejected regional and international interference, clearly citing the Iranian interference which aims at destabilizing the security and stability of the region, making demographic changes in it, spreading terrorism, including state terror, and foreign militias, and rejected the presence of any foreign fighter on the Syrian territories and demanded the expulsion of all foreign forces out of Syria.

The conferees confirmed that the solution to the Syrian crisis is political according to UN-sponsored resolutions that would provide international guarantees including deterrence measures and executive mechanism of those resolutions in a way that guarantees the commitment of all parties to execute them and that the political transitional process in Syria is the joint responsibility of Syrians and the international community as well.

They underscored the importance of conducting a new Syrian constitution by Syrians without the interference of any and the choosing of their leaders through democratic free elections in which Syrians from inside and outside take part under the umbrella of the UN and the participation of no less than 30 percent of Syrian females and that whoever proved to have committed war crimes against the Syrian people would not take part in any way and at any stage in the political process.

They said direct unconditioned negotiations means that all issues could find their way to the table of negotiations and no party would submit conditioned issues. However, demands to implement the instructions mentioned in previous international resolutions pertaining to the crisis in Syria should not be considered as preconditions. Also, no bar should be imposed on negotiating any item, including the form of rule, its system, liabilities, powers, responsibility and status of the presidency and government etc.
The conferees stressed that they are committed to the statement issued by Geneva I to establish a transitional ruling panel that would create an impartial environment through which the transitional process could move. Being keen to implement the transitional process in what guarantees the safety of all parties in a secure, stable and quiet atmosphere, would not take place without the departure of Bashar Al-Assad and his aides before the beginning of the transitional phase, the communique announced.
The participants demanded the UN to take the necessary measures to activate the political process through calling for a direct unconditioned negotiations between the unified revolution forces and opposition delegation and that of the Syrian regime representatives to put the agenda based on Geneva I declaration issued on 30 June 2012 and UN relevant resolutions No. 2118, 2254 and 262/67 as sole negotiation references under the patronage and guarantee of the United Nations.


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