Under patronage of the KSA, a Historic Peace Agreement brought an end to a 20 years conflict between
On 16 September, Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki and Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed signed a peace agreement at a ceremony in Jeddah overseen by King Salman. The agreement officially ends more than 20 years of war between the two countries.
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres described the signing as an "historic event." “I want to express my deep appreciation to the role played by His Majesty the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques and by the government of Saudi Arabia for facilitating this agreement and contributing to bring together the parties,” he said.
Saudi Arabia's Foreign Minister Adel Al-Jubeir congratulated King Salman and Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman for bringing the two parties together. "The Jeddah Peace Agreement signed today before the CTHM is a historic milestone for the peoples of Ethiopia and Eritrea and will contribute to strengthening security and stability in the region at large." he said.
King Salman honored the two leaders with the Order of King Abdulaziz.
Ethiopia and Eritrea fought a bitter war from 1998 to 2000 over a border dispute that killed tens of thousands of people. That conflict followed a war of independence against Ethiopia that led to Eritrea separating in the early 1990s. The two countries signed an initial agreement in July and, on September 12, reopened land border crossings closed for 20 years.